Diploma Courses

PCL IN NURSING PROGRAME

INTRODUCTION : The CTEVT started PCL Nursing in 1999 AD (2056 BS). However, to provide vertical and horizontal access to PCL nursing graduates, with kind permission of TU IOM, CTEVT started using the TU IOM curriculum for PCL nursing. With the changing health needs as well as Nepal government's health policy, CTEVT took action to respond to these needs; as result CTEVT has developed a curriculum for PCL nursing. PCL nursing is one of the prominent and popular disciplines within the Nursing profession. The nursing profession has been helping the world for the all-round development of health and it has also been creating salary base employment and self employment opportunities in public and private sectors. This curriculum is designed with the purpose of producing middle level technical nursing workforce equipped with knowledge and skills related to the field of nursing so as to meet the demand of such workforce in the country to contribute in the national economic development of Nepal. The knowledge and skills incorporated in this curriculum will be helpful to deliver the individual needs as well as national needs in the field of Nursing Profession. Nepal Government has adopted a national policy for the attainment of "Health for All beyond the Year 2000 A.D" through the use of the primary health care approach. As a result CTEVT got the mandate to produce middle level trained workforce through CTEVT as well as CTEVT affiliated institutions. During the process of curriculum development the Nepal Government has endorsed the concept of gerontology care, because the PCL nursing graduates are prominent service providers; the Department of Health has suggested incorporating this new emerging health issues in the curriculum. Likewise the psychiatric nursing theory and clinical hours has increased, similarly a new subject called Basic Science Applied to Nursing has been added that consists of Biochemistry (Microbiology, Parasitology & Virology) and Pharmacology. Some portions of oncology nursing is also has been added in the curriculum. The course is conducted both in theoretical and practical sessions.

 

  1. Curriculum title:

Proficiency Certificate Level in Nursing (PCL Nursing)

 

  1. Program objectives:

To produce a middle level nursing work force who is independent and competent to assume the

responsibility to carry out the function of preventive, primitive, curative, rehabilitative and holistic care

of an individual/group at hospital and in community settings.

 

This curriculum has following objectives to:

Upon completion of the program the graduate will be able to:

  • Utilize a sound knowledge base in giving care to well and sick individuals, families and communities.
  • Perform preventive and therapeutic measure directed toward promotion, maintenance and restoration of health.
  • Utilize communication skills effectively with individuals and groups in a variety of settings.
  • Utilize the nursing process in providing and improving health care.
  • Assume leadership for planning and improving health care.
  • Teach and supervise individuals, families and groups including health care workers.
  • Collaborate with multispectral groups to develop a healthful environment, including safe drinking water, sanitation and other holistic approach of the community.
  • Mobilize the community to participate in the activities of the village health post.
  • Demonstrate a positive attitude and respect for cultural values in working to meet needs and solve problems.
  • Continue to seek new knowledge for personal and professional growth.

 

  1. Program description:

This course is based on the job required to perform by the Staff Nurse at different levels in public and private sector’s health field in relation to nursing jobs in Nepal. Therefore, this curriculum is designed to provide knowledge and skills focusing on nursing related occupation. In total of three years; the first year course is offered focusing on basic nursing care in hospital and in the community, provides foundational nursing practices; the second year course is focuses on preventive, primitive as well as therapeutic nursing care of sick. Similarly, the third year the course comprise of the obstetrics andgynecology as well as leadership and management.

  1. Entry qualification:

Entry qualification of the applicant for proficiency certificate level in nursing programme should be SLC passed in 2nd division with English, Science, and Compulsory Mathematics or SLC passed in 3rd division plus Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) with 68.33% or as per provisions mentioned on CTEVT admission guidelines.

 

  1. Entry criteria:
  • The candidate should submit the SLC or equivalent certificate
  • The candidate should pass the entrance examination as administered by CTEVT

 

  1. Selection:

Applicants fulfilling the entry criteria will be selected for admission on the basis of merit.

 

  1. Medium of instruction:

The medium of instruction will be in English and/or Nepali.

 

  1. Pattern of attendance:

Minimum of 90% attendance in each subject is required to appear in the respective final examination.

 

  1. Teacher and student ratio:
  • For theory: 1:40
  • For demonstration: 1:10
  • Clinical: 1:6-8 (Hospital)
  • Field Practice: 1:10-12 (Community)

 

  1. Teachers and demonstrators:
  • The disciplinary subjects' related teachers should be a bachelor's degree holder in the related area with three years experience in the related field.
  • The demonstrators should be bachelor's degree holder in the related area with two years experiences in training activities.

 

  1. Instructional media and materials:

The following instructional media and materials are suggested for the effective instruction and demonstration.

  • Printed Media Materials (Assignment sheets, Case studies, Case presentation, Handouts,

Information sheets, Individual training packets, Procedure sheets, Performance Check lists,

Textbooks etc.).

  • Non-projected Media Materials (Display, Models, Flip chart, Poster, Writing board etc.).
  • Projected Media Materials (Opaque projections, Multimedia, Overhead transparencies, Slides etc.).
  • Audio-Visual Materials (Audiotapes, Films, Slide-tape programs, Videodiscs, Videotapes etc.).
  • Computer-Based Instructional Materials (Computer-based training, Interactive video etc.).

 

  1. Teaching Learning Methodologies:

The methods of teachings for this curricular program will be a combination of several approaches. Such as Illustrated Lecture, Tutorial, Group Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Guided practice, Independent practice, Practical experiences, Fieldwork, Report writing, Term paper presentation, Case analysis, Tutoring, Role-playing, Heuristic, Project work and Other Independent learning.

  • Theory: Lecture, Discussion, Seminar, Interaction, Assignment, Group work, paper presentation.
  • Practical: Clinical, Demonstration, Observation visit, Guided practice, Self-practice, Project work, institutional clinical practices (mental health, geriatric home, school health, hospice care etc.)

 

  1. Mode of Education:

There will be inductive and deductive mode of education

 

  1. Examination and Marking Scheme:
  • The subject teacher will internally assess the students’ achievement in each subject during the course followed by a final examination at the end of each year.
  • A weight age of 20% for the internal assessment and 80% for the year wise final examination will be allocated for theoretical components of a subject.
  • The final yearly examinations of all theory components will be administered through written tests.
  • Generally the method of continuous assessment will be adopted for practical components.
  • Student who fails in the internal assessment will not be allowed to sit in the final yearly examination and will also be not allowed continuing the following year.

 

  1. Provision of Back Paper (Back Exam):

There will be the provision of back paper but the student must pass all the subjects of all three years within six years from the enrolment.

 

  1. Disciplinary and Ethical Requirements:
  • Intoxication, insubordination or rudeness to peers (bullying), or any seriously breakage of the institutional rules will result in immediate suspension followed by review by the disciplinary review committee of the institution with possible expulsion.
  • Dishonesty academic or practice activities will result in immediate suspension followed by administrative review with possible expulsion.
  • Illicit drug use, bearing arms in institution, threats or assaults to peers, faculty or staff will result in immediate suspension, followed by administrative review with possible expulsion.

 

  1. Pass Marks:

The students must secure minimum of 40% marks in theory and 50% in practical (Lab). Moreover, the students must secure minimum of 40% marks in the internal assessment and 40% in the final yearly examination of each subject to pass all subjects except in practical (50%) offered in each year.

 

  1. Grading System:

The overall achievement of each student will be measured by a final aggregate percentage of all final

semester examinations and graded as follow: -

  • Distinction : > or =80 %
  • First division : 65 % to < 80 %
  • Second division : 50 % to < 65 %
  • Pass : 40 % to < 50 %

 

  1. Certification:
  • Students who have passed all the components of all subjects of all three years are considered to have successfully completed the course.
  • Students who have successfully completed the course will be awarded with a Proficiency Certificate Level in nursing certificate by CTEVT.

 

  1. Career Path:
  • The graduates will be eligible for the position equivalent to Non-gazetted 1st class (technical) as Staff Nurse or as prescribed by the Public Service Commission of Nepal. The graduate will be eligible for registration/take examination with the related Council in the grade as provisioned in the related Council Act (if any).
  • The graduates are eligible to go for Bachelor of Nursing or equivalent Course as per university rule.

 

  1. Curriculum and Credits:

In this curriculum each subject has its code; full marks; and credit hours divided into lecture hours, tutorial hours, and practical hours.

 

  1. Provision of Specialization:

There will be no provision of specialization.

 

  1. Conceptual Framework of the Program

DEFINITIONS

PERSON – in this Model, a Person is identified as a Behavioral System involving actions and behaviors responding to Stress from the internal and external environment as it attempts to maintain or restore equilibrium within the system. As a Behavioral System, a Person is made up of interrelated subsystems which influence how the person reacts to the environment. These actions are regulated or controlled by biological, psychological and sociological factors. ENVIRONMENT- is made up of internal factors in the physical and psychological makeup of the person which attempts to maintain and restore balance within the system as the person reacts to external factors such as family, community and social influences. HEALTH- the dynamic state of the human life and development which involves continuous adjustment to stressors in the internal and external environment through optimum use of one’s resources to achieve the maximum potential for living and internal equilibrium. NURSING –is a Bio-Psycho-Social science which focuses on the person/family/community attempting to restore or maintain balance and adapt to stress in the environment. The nurse practitioner is involved in an interpersonal relationship which utilizes the Nursing Process in order to meet the person’s basic needs and achieve and maintain a stable state of equilibrium. STRESS –any demand made on the individual which causes imbalance within the system. This may be due to problems in development, breakdown of internal control mechanisms, exposure to harmful influences or accidents, inadequate stimulation or lack of environmental input.

Details
  • Duration: 3 Years

  • Target group:


    (SLC) in 2nd division (45%) with English, Science, and Mathematics or SLC passed with Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM)/TSLC passed with minimum scoring of 68.33%

  • Group Size:Not More Than 40

  • Target location: All over Nepal

LAB TECHNICIAN


  1. Program Description
This course is based on the academic requirements to enter into bachelor level health sciences as well as able to provide diagnostic laboratory services as a middle level human health esource. After completion of the course the graduate is expected to perform laboratory procedures as per assigned by Nepal Health Professional council independently at different level health institutions in Nepal and abroad. The program is three academic years' duration. The first year course focuses on basic science and foundational subjects, the second year course focuses on basic laboratory subject theory/practical simultaneously and the third year is given to the application of learned skills and knowledge within the comprehensive practical settings, in hospitals and medical laboratory. Program aims and objectives The course aims to produce middle level medical laboratory technology personnel with sound academic knowledge equipped with perfect technical skills who can face real life situation at the level they are aimed at. The course enables students to:
  • Perform routine and special laboratory investigations on clinical and non-clinical samples independently.
  • Interpret the results and explain underlying principles in each investigation.
  • Prepare reagents required for routine and special investigations.
  • Set up clinical laboratory in primary health centre and district level.
  • Practice quality control system in medical laboratory to deliver quality laboratory service.
  • Perform middle level laboratory management works, supervision of subordinates and preparation of reports.
  • Assist in research works.
  1. Entry criteria
The entry criteria are:
  • SLC with 45% in aggregate with English, Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects and TSLC in Lab Technology with first division
  • Passed entrance examination administered by CTEVT
  • Applicant should submit the following documents at the time of application SLC pass certificate Character certificate Citizenship certificate (for the name, parents name, age, date of birth and address verification purpose only) Physical fitness certificate (at the time of admission)
  • Student quota for different category of students as per the policy of CTEVT
  1. Medium of instruction
The languages of instruction are:
  • English
  • Nepali
  1. Course duration
The CMLS program extends to over three academic years. One academic year consists of 39 academic weeks and one academic week consists of 32 to 37 hours.
  1. Pattern of attendance
Minimum of 80% attendance is required to appear in final examination.
  1. Teacher and student ratio
The teacher student ratio is: Overall all ratio of teacher and student must be 1:10 (at the institution level) Teacher and student ratio for practical demonstration 1:10 Teacher and student ratio for bench work 1:5 75% of the teachers must be fulltime.
  1. Program coordinator, teacher and demonstrator
The qualifications of the program coordinator, teacher and demonstration are as per minimum requirements of NHPC.
  1. Instructional media and materials
The following instructional media and materials are suggested for the effective instruction and demonstration.
  • Printed Media Materials (Assignment sheets, Case studies, Handouts, Information sheets, Individual training packets, Procedure sheets, Performance Check lists, Textbooks etc.)
  • Non-projected Media Materials (Display, Models, Flip chart, Poster, Writing board etc.)
  • Projected Media Materials (Opaque projections, Overhead transparencies, Slides etc.)
  • Audio-Visual Materials (Audiotapes, Films, Slide-tape programs, Videodiscs, Videotapes etc.)
  • Computer-Based Instructional Materials (Computer-based training, Interactive video etc.)
  1. Professional practice / field visit provision
The details of professional practice and field visit are as follows:
  • Consists of 6 months duration at the end of the course.
  • Professional practice (Field practice) should be conducted in hospital Laboratories or research centres recognised by Ministry of Health or concerned government authority.
  • Provision of at least one teacher in the institution where field visit is conducted- either from the concerned institute or the hospital/centre itself.
  1. Teaching learning methodology
The methods of teachings in the CHLS (Certificate in Health Laboratory Science) programme will be a combination of several approaches. Such approaches can be Illustrated Lecture, Group Discussion, Demonstration, Simulation, Guided practice, Practical experiences, Fieldwork, Laboratory, Observation, Hospital visit, Term paper presentation, Case analysis, Tutoring, Role playing, Heuristic and Other Independent learning.
  • Theory: Lecture, Discussion, Assignment, Group work
  • Practical: Demonstration, observation and Self practice,
  1. Disciplinary and ethical requirements
Intoxication, insubordination or rudeness to peers will result in immediate suspension followed by review by the disciplinary review committee of the school. Dishonesty in academic or practice activities will result in immediate suspension followed by administrative review, with possible expulsion. Illicit drug use, bearing arms on campus, threats or assaults to peers, faculty or staff will result in immediate suspension, followed by administrative review with possible expulsion.
  1. Methods of evaluation
 Internal assessment o    There shall be a transparent evaluation system for each subject both in theory and practical o    Internal assessment every 4 months with feedback to the students o    Clinical assessment with formative evaluation system o    Weightage of theory and practical marks will be according to the course structure o    Internal assessment carries 20% of the total marks. Final Examination: Written exam, Practical exam and Viva voce o    Weightage of theory and practical marks will be according to the course structure o    Final exam carries 80% of the total marks. o    Must pass internal assessment exams (both theory and practical) to appear in the final examination o    Provision of re-examination as per CTEVT policy. o    Provision for administering practical examination by Laboratory Medicine Technologists/ Scientists and expert in respective subjects. o    One examiner in one setting can evaluate not more than 20 students per day for final practical examination o    Practical examination should be administered in actual situation on relevant subject with provision of at least one external examiner from the concerned or affiliating institute. o    Maintain practical log book duly sign by supervisor
  1. Pass marks
The pass marks for theory and practical examinations are: 40% in theory examination 60% in practical examination
  1. Grading system
The following grading system will be adopted: Pass division: Pass aggregate to below 65% First division: 65% or above Distinction: 80% or above
  1. Certificate award
The council for technical education and vocational training will award certificate in "Certificate Level in Medical Health Laboratory Science" to the candidate who successfully completes the requirements as prescribed by the council.
  1. Career path
The graduates will be eligible for the position equivalent to Non-gazetted 5th level (technical) as Medical Lab Technician or as prescribed by the Public Service Commission. The graduate is eligible for registration with the Nepal Health Professional Council in the grade as mentioned in the Nepal Health Professional Council Act.